Swelling and pain in the knee arise directly from an inflammation happening on the inside. Swelling is usually accompanied by reddening of the knee, its stiffness, pain when walking, sometimes temperature. When we get affected by an inflammation of a knee joint, we should use natural, proven methods in order to reduce the swelling and regain mobility.
When a knee joint hurts and is swollen
Knee joints get damaged exceptionally often. Pain and swelling of knees may be caused by an inflammation of synovial bursa, they may arise from a mechanical injury, they may occur as a result of overload during work or physical exertion, as well as recur as a consequence of degenerative changes over years and aging of tissues.
Although a hurting knee should be checked by a doctor and a physiotherapist, home remedies will help us alleviate the inflammation and reduce the swelling.
Epsom salt for pain and swelling of knees
The salt owes its name to the British town of Epsom, in which it started being harvested through evaporation of the local spring waters. It possesses multiple healing and conditioning properties, including analgesic and antiedematous ones. It owes them to the high content of sulfur, magnesium and copper compounds. It is highly soluble in water, giving it a salty and bitter taste and is recommended to be used both externally and internally.
In case of pain and swelling of a knee joint, Epsom salt is recommended to be used in form of compresses or in bath. The most effective on the body is an evening bath, as the Epsom salt additionally supports regeneration of the body, muscles and tendons, as well as calms down the nervous system.
Magnesium oil or magnesium gel will bring relief in pain
Magnesium oil and gel for pain and swelling of knees will especially prove themselves when those ailments are caused by excessive physical exertion and after workouts. They are also recommended, however, to those suffering from arthritis, overloading, deteriorations and injuries of joints. These products contain transdermal magnesium, which penetrates through skin and reaches the source of pain and inflammation.
Compressions – they bring relief and reduce knee swelling
The simplest and the first treatment that is worth doing when we’re suffering from knee pain is a compression. We can apply ice cubes wrapped in gauze to a swollen knee or we can go a step further and use household products with a strong anti-inflammatory and astringent potential. One of them is vinegar, which we certainly have in our kitchen cupboard.
Also helpful for swelling and edema are compressions with a slice of lemon or ginger water. Also having plenty of proponents are anti-inflammatory and cooling compressions with fresh cabbage leaves.
Rosemary oil for knee joint pain
Essential oils are irreplaceable in the treatment of muscle and joint pain. They contain plenty of anti-inflammatory substances that inhibit swelling and redness, stimulate functioning of blood vessels, have an antibacterial and astringent action.
The highest effectiveness when it comes to joint pain and swelling is that of the rosemary oil which, when combined with a base oil, is used to massage the hurting place. The rosemary oil has an analgesic action, it relaxes stiff muscles and improves the functioning of a knee joint.
Horse chestnut to reduce swelling
Chestnut extracts are used in natural medicine for all kinds of problems with lower limbs. Pretty much every part of the plant, from the bark to the flowers and unripe fruits, contains a multitude of helpful substances.
Saponins, coumarins, tannins, phenolic acids and flavonoids contained in chestnut reduce swelling, prevent edema, bring relief, seal blood vessels and make them more elastic, have an anti-inflammatory and anti-exudative action. Chestnut based products are used to treat swelling, stasis, varicose veins and joint deterioration.
Ointment with ginger and cloves
We can deal with pain and swelling of joints by applying an ointment with ginger and cloves to the inflamed knee.
Ginger is a popular remedy for rheumatic pains – it brings relief, reducing inflammations, it improves blood flow, it also inhibits development of inflammatory enzymes that are responsible for intensification of pain and degenerative changes. The properties of ginger can be enhanced with cloves, which contain analgesic and strongly anti-inflammatory volatile oils as well as give a pleasant sensation of relief and cooling.
Cloves also have a slight anesthetic action. All we have to do to obtain a ginger and clove ointment is blend ground-up ginger with cloves crushed in a mortar and combine them with a coconut oil or shea butter. Premade gels and ointments based on cloves and ginger can also be bought at herbal stores.