In a healthy body, blood easily circulates from the heart to the legs and back, thanks to the valves and leg muscles. In case of development of varicose veins in legs, the veins are expanded, the valves don’t close properly, the blood circulation slows down, and the vein gets even more enlarged. According to doctors, in majority of cases varicose veins develop due to hereditary factors. This illness can be avoided by eliminating an array of unfavorable factors: sedentary lifestyle, carrying heavy weights, wearing high heels or tight shoes. That’s not the only example of problems with varicose veins, though. Some people are very surprised when they learn that the hemorrhoids bothering them are also varicose veins, except located in the area of anus. This illness is very common and by the age of fifty years around half of population struggles with itching, pain and bloody stool, which usually points to hemorrhoids. Is there a very good medicine for varicose veins?
What are varicose veins? Varicose veins in legs and hemorrhoids – anal varicose veins
Varicose veins are a widespread ailment that consists of inflammation of venous walls and development of bumps, and in the worst cases also ulcerations. When varicose veins start to develop, the capillary walls used to transport blood from tissues to the heart expand, become deformed and performance of vital functions becomes limited. Varicose veins in most cases have a negative impact on the external veins in legs. In a normal process, blood flows upwards through veins, supported by muscle contractions.
In order to prevent the gravitational process, blood is directed to the adequate place in veins. The valves get open towards the direction of blood flow in order to prevent backwards blood flow. In a situation where valves don’t work properly and don’t get closed completely, the blood in veins continues flowing and the blood vessels are unable to fit all that blood, which causes them to get expanded. The consequence of that is enlarged veins protruding above skin, causing the varicose veins in legs to be revealed. Such changes are easy to notice, as the swollen veins located below skin look like bumps.
What causes varicose veins in legs to develop?
- Sitting or standing job.
- Excess weight, obesity.
- Hereditary factors.
- Older age and gender, the risk of varicose veins is the highest in women aged 30-40.
Limitation of physical activity contributes to elevated venous tension in legs and the capillaries cannot handle such huge load, which causes them to expand and their walls to become thinner and thinner. The varicose veins in legs usually manifest themselves during pregnancy.
How are varicose veins in legs formed?
- The first symptoms pointing to varicose veins in legs are noticeable weariness and heaviness of legs. It is a symptom occurring after coming back from work, swelling of ankles or even lower legs is observed.
- Another characteristic symptom is the so-called spider veins appearing and a sensation of bothersome pains along veins, nighttime calf cramps start at this point.
- The next symptom is noticeable bumps on the skin, there are high chances of blood clots.
- There is also visible swelling of legs during the afternoon hours, which no longer goes 100 percent away by the morning.
- Changes appear to the appearance of the skin of legs, as it starts changing its color to a darker one.
- The most concerning symptom are trophic ulcerations that are very difficult to treat.
Spider veins (also called telangiectases) are small enlarged surface veins that match the connections of expanded intradermal veins with less than 1 mm in diameter. These may be located on different parts of lower limbs.
What are anal varicose veins?
Hemorrhoids are pretty much varicose veins of the anal cavity and rectum that make cavernous formations. Specialists list two types of hemorrhoids: external and internal, depending on their location within the anal cavity. External hemorrhoids are formed within direct proximity of the anal cavity. Internal hemorrhoids are formed at the connection of the anal cavity and rectum.
Why do anal varicose veins appear?
The rectum has a lot of blood going through it, this is where the arteriovenous plexuses are located. For different reasons, blood congestions occur around the hemorrhoid plexuses, anal cavity and lower rectum. The venous walls expand, bulge out in certain places and a hemorrhoid is formed. It is believed that a key role in development of internal anal varicose veins is played by dystrophic processes in the structures of connective tissue of the submucosal layer of rectum and in the ligament that to a degree holds the internal nods inside the rectum, and when weakened, it contributes to loss of nodes in the anal cavity.
What causes anal varicose veins?
- Excessive physical activity (with elevated blood pressure in the abdominal cavity, which causes hemorrhoids to fall out).
- Tension with constipation (blood pressure in the rectum rises and the blood flow to the hemorrhoids increases, which contributes to their growth).
- Alcohol abuse (enlarged vessels around the anus might cause hemorrhoids to bleed).
- Pregnancy (with enlargement of uterus, blood pressure in the abdominal cavity increases).
- Sedentary lifestyle (it leads to blood clots around the pelvis, and especially in the rectum).
What are the symptoms of hemorrhoids?
- Hemorrhoids falling out during bowel movements.
- Scarlet blood in the stool.
- Blood coming out in form of droplets or a thin stream.
- Itching around anus.
- Painful bumps.
- Pain in the anal cavity and rectum.
Like every other varicose vein, hemorrhoids might develop thrombosis, causing strong pain. The complications of this illness are hemorrhoid necrosis, heavy bleeding or acute purulent inflammations.
Anticoagulant medicines for varicose veins
The goal of varicose veins treatment is to restore the elasticity and integrity of veins that got expanded due to the illness. Anticoagulant medicines for varicose veins are prescribed if veins are expanded in the areas where no other preparations can be used. They prevent development or growth of blood clots, they can also be used combined with compressive underwear and ointments or gels. Preparations for varicose veins in legs in pills have several positive effects:
- Tension in vessels increases.
- The inflammatory process is eliminated.
- The rate of blood flow and lymph drain increases.
- Micro-circulation disorders are eliminated.
- Swelling and pain in legs decreases.
A very good varicose veins medicine – diosmin
Anticoagulant medicines for varicose veins are the main group of medicines that impact the tension in veins and protect their walls and valves from damage. The main method of protecting blood recommended by venous thrombosis specialists is diosmin, which improves micro-circulation, lowers permeability of vessels and protects venous walls and venous valves from damage. It is a well-researched and very effective substance used in treatment of symptoms of chronic venous insufficiency.
Products based on diosmin are effective in treatment of all types of chronic venous insufficiency, they have an antioedema and anti-inflammatory action, they ensure lymphatic drainage. They lower the intensity of symptoms of varicose veins in legs (heavy sensation, leg pain, nighttime cramps, trophic tissue disorders in legs, burning, itching).
Diosmin protects small blood vessels, which is why it can be used by people with vascular skin, it shows positive action in battling spider veins. Due to the increased elasticity of blood vessels, diosmin is also used to alleviate acute states in case of anal varicose veins (hemorrhoids). Diosmin is a very good medicine for varicose veins, it’s available in pills and creams.
Treatment of varicose veins using diosmin preparations results in the following:
- It improves venous tension.
- It improves lymphatic drainage.
- It normalizes micro-circulation.
- Quick start of action and lasting effects.
The medicines influence the venous vascular system: they lower elasticity of veins, increase their tension and lower venous hyperemia. On the micro-circulation level, diosmin lowers permeability of capillaries and increases their resistance.
Varicose vein ointments. What is heparin?
Heparin is a direct-action anticoagulant to be used externally, it has a topical anticoagulant, anti-exudative and moderately anti-inflammatory action. Heparin directly improves micro-circulation as well as lowers the tissue swelling. A varicose vein ointment with heparin has an anti-inflammatory action, improves the blood micro-circulation, restores permeability of vascular walls, prevents development of thrombi, has an anticoagulant action and ensures lymphatic drainage.
Heparin produced in form of ointment has topical action, one has to keep in mind, though, that it doesn’t cause blood clots to get dissolved, but it does show preventive action. The indications for using varicose vein ointments with heparin are: preventive care and treatment of thrombotic inflammation of surface veins, varicose veins in legs, external hemorrhoids, postpartum hemorrhoid inflammation. Heparin is a very good medicine for varicose veins and it comes not only in form of ointments but is also available in form of gels, creams and pills.
The best varicose vein preparations – opinions
Plenty of varicose vein preparations have a comprehensive influence on blood vessels and inhibit development of varicose veins in legs and hemorrhoids. According to opinions of people who have already used this type of products, the following ointments and pills are considered to be very good varicose vein medicines.
Recognized as the best preparations for varicose veins in form of over-the-counter pills are the products where the active ingredient is diosmin. They help restore tension in venous walls and improve blood flow in veins as well as normalize the functioning of venous valves. On top of that, they normalize metabolic processes in tissues and improve micro-circulation. These are great products for treating varicose veins in legs and anal varicose veins, and they make a popular purchase among people suffering from this type of ailments.
A varicose veins therapy also consists of using external products, such as: ointments, gels, creams. According to opinions of people using topical preparations, the advantage of the first option is their high effectiveness and composition. Their active actions work in turns, penetrating deep under the skin. Ointments can have a toning, regenerative, analgesic and anti-inflammatory action. The best preparations for varicose veins in form of ointments intended for topical use on the skin most usually contain heparin, which has an anticoagulant, anti-inflammatory and antioedema action when used topically. Heparin ointments are used for surface vein illnesses such as varicose veins of lower limbs. Proven preparations also include diosmin ointments that increase the tensions of venous vessels, on top of that, according to opinions of people using the ointments, they have a protective action on such vessels as spider veins for example.